Non-loco Physics
*Last updated:* 16 Oct 2010( history.htm
)

A. F. Kracklauer #personalia

Jump to translations: index.htm#trans

Einstein
De Broglie Palacios Schwarzschild
Tetrode Fokker Ritz Smulsky
Heisenberg Fock Slebodzinski
Schroedinger Madelung Varicak

``**Loco**'' (Spanish for `crazy').
Contemporary Physics is vexed by some really ``**loco**'' ideas,
with **nonlocality** and **asymmetric aging** leading the list. (*The
title is an obvious play on the word `` nonlocal,'' which, in this
writer's opinion, is the epitome of a `loco' idea*.)

This webpage publicizes an independent
research project, the goal of which is to purge selected 'loco' ideas from
the discipline of Physics. Why? There are two reasons. One is strictly
internal to the profession; it is to foster the unification of __Quantum
Mechanics__ and __Relativity__. It is widely recognized, that despite
considerable success so far, the job is not done. Most obviously, gravity
is not yet included. What's worse really: there is no accepted covariant
wave equation for multiple, interacting particles; and, it turns out that,
the obstacles to writing such an equation are just those features leading
to nonlocality and asymmetric aging. For those interested, the background
story: background.htm

A second motivation is sociological. Some
see a mutual interplay between fundamental science and the development
of civilization. If this notion is accepted, then physics, as a social
enterprise, has some responsibility to support those things making positive
contributions to civilization by being the exemplar of rationality, contrary
to the current fashion of spewing forth ever new and more exotic pop-psycho-sci-fi
contrivances, i.e., **loco** ideas. More on this:
comments.htm

Publications

There are five novel ideas presented in the following publications:

**1)** an intuitive foundation for __de
Broglie waves__ [11, fpl99.pdf]
and an interpretation for __quantum mechanics__ derived therefrom [7,pe92.pdf];
**2)** analysis of __no-interaction
theorems__ and a means of evading their consequences [4, jmp74.pdf];
**3)** a debunking of __non-locality__
and __`Bell theorems'__ [23, aip04.pdf];
**New**:
irreal_nl.pdf
**4)** analysis of and remedy for
__asymmetric
aging__ (twin paradox) [21,
pirt02.pdf];
and
**5)** a defense of __semiclassical
electrodynamics__ [27, Qbeat.pdf
]

The other papers, along with arXiv submissions, arXiv.html, establish priorities (whatever they be), provide variety of viewpoint and examples, and reflect the conceptual development. Only one paper uses any math beyond calculus and differential equations, No. 4.; and, all are intended to be `easy-reads' without superfluous erudition; i.e., accessible (at least qualitatively) to those with a background of high school physics on up. If it looks real tricky, either you are missing something or I need to make a fix---if so, let me know.

Most of these downloadable e-versions are 'revisions' of the actual published paper version; liberty was taken to correct any defect of presentation; e.g., misspellings, incorrect attributions, misprints and so on. In addition, "after-the-fact notes'' were made to draw attention to substantive points that seem now to have been based on error, misunderstanding or lacuna when written. As each paper was composed so as to be self contained, to get the key idea in each case, it is necessary for the most part to read only the most current one, as indicated with [brackets above], and with: " ---> " below.

Some of these papers are copyrighted by
publishers, thereby requiring the following proclamation: "This paper was
published in [Proceedings, Journal, etc.] and is made available as an electronic
reprint with permission of [Publisher]. One print or e-copy may be made
for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution
to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any
material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification
of the content of the paper are prohibited." (*Only lawyers could imagine
that someone might make a killing on this topic. The real problem
is getting read in the first place!*)

39. **The Michaelson Morley experiment
in ontic and epistemic space ***Appeared in : Proc. PIRT -Budapest
2009. *(212 kb) PIRT_BP09.pdf

38. **EPR-B correlations: a physically
tenable model** *Appeared in: Proc. of SPIE 7421,-29, 2009. A
proposed local model of EPR-B correlations*. (174 kb) SPIE_09.pdf

37.. **Sagnac: a laboratory for Special
Relativity** *Appear:ed in Proc. Int. Workshop on Explorations in Physics,
Puebla, Mexico 2008*. An exploratory study of the Sagnac experiment
given that length contraction is an apparent effect (261 kb)
Puebla08.pdf

36. **Nonlocality: Myth of Mystery?***Appeared
in: Proc. Quantum Information-Moscow *(2007). A survey of arguments
attacking Bell's Theorem and related issues. (174 kb) QI-2007.pdf

35. **On the Geometry of Observation
***Proc.
Mathematics, Physics and Philosophy in the interpretations of Relativity. *
79-85 (2007). An essay proposing that the Minkowski/Lorentz structure arises
from the physical process of projection as carried out by light. (195 kb)
BP_PIRT.pdf

34. **What do correlations tell
us about photons? ** A*ppeared:in Proc. of SPIE
6664-15 *(2007). Analysis of correlated pairs of photons for insight
into physical paradigms. (74 kb) SPIE07.pdf

33. **Geometry of Observation: Space-time
Perspective** *Appear in: Proc. Physical Interpretations of Relativity
Theory, Moscow*. 2007 A proposal that length contraction and time dilation
are artifacts of observation and not ontic alterations (70 kb)
Mos_PIRT.pdf

32. **Probability and Quantum Paradigms:
the Interplay** *In Quantum Theory, reconsideration of the foundations-
IV, AIP Proc. 962 (AIP Conf. Proc., Melville, NY) p. 270, *An
essay on how to rationalize the peculiarities of probability as employed
in QM. (53 kb) vaxjo07.pdf

31. **On the nature of quantum erasing***J.
of Modern Optics. * (To appear) (2007). It is shown that
"quantum erasing" can be understood in terms of Malus' Law without QM
(250 kb) eraser.pdf

30. **Nonlocality, Bell's Ansatz
and Probability** *Optics and Spectroscopy. ***103** (3)
451-450 (2007). An extended essay on the conceptual foundations of arguments
attacking Bell's Theorem and related issues. (96 kb) be_an_pb.pdf

29. **Hamilton mechanics contra
asymmetric aging** * Proc. IX Int. Conf: "Space, Time and
Gravity" 2006. *Further arguments against asymmetric aging.
and for my version of covariant Hamiltonian mechanics of interacting particles.
(95 kb) hamcontra.pdf

28. **"What's wrong with this rebuttal,"***Found.
Phys. Lett. ***19** (6) 625-629 (2006). (AKA: quant-ph/0604124)
Points to a defect in a criticism by Mermin of Hess' and Philipp's analysis
of Peres' proof of Bell's theorem. (48Kb) rebuttal.pdf

27. ---> **``Quantum'' beats in classical
physics,**,
*J. of Russian Laser Research ***26*** *(6)
524-529 (2005). Presents analysis of, and a semiclassical model for,
the phenomenon of ``quantum beats, '' which is widely considered ineluctable
support for the necessity of QED. (205Kb) Qbeat.pdf

26. **Second entanglement and (re)Born
wave functions in Stochastic Electrodynamics,**, in: *AIP Conf. Proc.
***810
**343-352
(2005); *Quantum Theory: Reconsideration of Foundations- 3*.
A plaidoyer for an augmented version of Stochastic Electrodynamics
as a paradigm for the identity of quantum wave functions. Discusses
the fundamental nature of "entanglement" resulting from formalistic requirements.
(91Kb) aip05.pdf

25. **Oh Photon, Photon, whither
art thou gone?, **in:** ***Proceedings of SPIE, ***5866**
(2005). An essay on the current situation with regard to "paradigms"
for the electric interaction. Highlights the 120 orders of magnitude
conflict between QED and General Relativity. Makes a plaidoyer for
direct interaction. (72Kb) paradigm.pdf

24. **Time Contortions in Modern Physics,**,
To appear in: *Galilean Electrodynamics. * Discusses, and reviews
my proposed remedies for three of the big 'time'-discombuberations in physics:
__asymmetric
aging__, __advanced interaction__ and QM __non-locality__. (125Kb)
cont_ge.pdf

23. --->**Bell's inequalities and EPR
experiments, are they disjoint?,** in: *AIP Conf. Proc. Foundations
of probability and Physics-3*. 9 pages. Presents analysis, similar in
concept to that in 9, showing that data compatible with the hypothesis
of the derivation of Bell inequalities, physically can not be acquired.
Gives a rather comprehensive review of ideas in 9., 12.-14, 16-20, 22,
23.; and submits simulation routines for public scrutiny. Definitive. (90Kb)
aip04.pdf

22. **EPR-B correlations: non-locality
or geometry?**, *J. Nonlinear Math. Phys.* 11(Supp.) 104-109 (2004).
Discusses the ideas in 20. in a style meant to be commodious to mathematicians.
Pithy. (105Kb) 11s_art13.pdf

21. --->**Electrodynamics: action-at-no-distance.**
in: *Has the last word been said on classical electrodynamics---New horizons,*
118-132 (2004). Combines ideas from 1. 5. 15 to present a sketch of a total
paradigm for electromagnetism. Discusses the relative merits of field theory
vs. action-at-no-distance. (161Kb) field_rn.pdf

20. **EPR-B correlations: quantum mechanics
or just geometry?**, *J. Opt. B (Semiclass. & Quant.)* 6 S544-S548
(2004). Reports on the first data-point by data-point (photoelectron by
photoelectron, as it were) simulation of an EPR-B experiment. It shows
exactly how the so-called non-local statistics arise from Malus' Law. (176Kb)
job4_6_012.pdf

19. **Exclusion of correlation in the
theorem of Bell**, in:* Foundations of Probability and Physics-2*,
385-398. Analysis of the then current defenses of Bell's analysis. Polemical,
fun; but not much truly unique. (85Kb) vx03.pdf

18. **Is two-particle quantum entanglement
just classical correlation?,** in: *Squeezed States and Uncertainty
Relations*, Proc. Conf. 2002. pp. 200-202. A brief note drawing attention
to the fact that a new experiment in a classical regime is empirical evidence
that quantum EPR correlations are just Malus' Law, not exotic, non-local,
QM wizardry. (24Kb) ic8proc.pdf

17.** One less quantum mystery**, *J.
Opt. B (Semiclass. & Quant.)* **4**, S469-S472 (2002).
An extension of 16. covering `Franson' type experiments considered by some
a particularly tricky case. Presents a comparison of the Malus' model with
some technical models in the literature for this type experiment. (112Kb)
ob2441.pdf

16.** Is entanglement always entangled?**,
*J.
Opt. B (Semiclass. & Quant.) ***4, **S121-S126 (2002).
Presents a classical calculation using Malus' Law to explain all experimental
results otherwise credited with demonstrating the validity of Bell's analysis
of non-locality. This paper debunks `teleportation' and explains GHZ correlations
simply as higher order classical E&M field correlations (i.e., Malus
writ big). Ground-breaking. (112Kb) Krackl.pdf

15.** Twins: never the twain shall part,**
in; *Proc. PIRT VIII*,248-255 (2002). The most extensive paper on
just the twin paradox. (69Kb) pirt02.pdf

14.** ``Complementarity'' or Schizophrenia:
is Probability in Quantum Mechanics Information or Onta?**, in: *Foundations
of Probability and Physics*, 219-235 (2001). A discussion of concepts
from 1., 2., 8., 11. and 12 in terms of probability theory. A good, brief
wrap-up. (83Kb) ws01.pdf

13. **The Improbability of Non-locality**,
*Phys.
Essays, ***15**(2) 162-171 (2002). A state-of-the-argument against
non-locality as of 2001. (91Kb) pe02.pdf

12.** La `theorem' de Bell, est-elle al
plus grand meprise de l'histoire de la physique?**, *Ann. Fond. L.
de Broglie* **25**(2) 193-207 (2000). {In English, despite the title.}
A wrap-up of all arguments against non-locality known to me circa early
1999. This article prompted many e-mails bringing Jaynes' and Brody's work
from the 1980's and 1970's respectively to my attention. It cites the first
classical experiment deliberately focused on this issue and exhibiting
EPR correlations. (99Kb) aflb252p193.pdf

11. --->**Pilot wave steerage: a mechanism
and test,** *Found. Phys. Lett.* **12**(2) 441-453 (1999). An
enhancement of the de Broglie wave paradigm to solve the 'peak and valley'
problem. Contains some ideas on possible empirical verification.
(64Kb)fpl99.pdf

10. **Objective Local Models for Would-be
Nonlocal Physics**, in: *Instantaneous aad: Pro & Contra*, 363-372
(1999). A brief survey of counterexamples to: QM nonlocality, Advanced
interaction, and a Nonlocal explanation of the Aharonov-Bohm effect. (46Kb)
rn99.pdf

9. **Dichotomic Functions and Bell's Theorem,**
in: *New Developments on Fundamental Problems on Quantum Mechanics*,
Proc. Oviedo Conference 185-188 (1997). An argument that the discontinuous
nature of data considered in Bell's theorem precludes compatibility with
the harmonic result computed using quantum mechanics, which is seen to
be just Malus' Law. Although anticipated by Brody et al., basically an
original idea. (22Kb) oviedo.pdf

8. **A Classical Model for Wave-Particle
Duality**, in: *Waves and Particle in Light and Matter, Proc. Trani
Workshop*, 359-368. An alternative view of the concepts in 1., 2. &
7. Includes speculations on testable verification. (48Kb) trani.pdf

7. --->**An Intuitive Paradigm for Quantum
Mechanics,** *Phys. Essays ***5** (2) 226-234 (1992). An extraction
from 1. of the paradigm based on the model of the de Broglie pilot wave.
(96Kb) pe92.pdf

6. **A theory of the electromagnetic two-body
interaction. ***J. Math. Phys.* **19**(4) 838-841 (1978). An
extraction from 1. of the action-at-a-distance (on the light cone) formulation
of relativistic mechanics. This papers is the first in the literature describing
an integrable version of relativistic aad mechanics. (41Kb) jmp78.pdf

5. **Comment on: Classical derivation
of Planck Spectrum**, *Phys. Rev. D ***14**, 654-655 (1976).
A defense of Theimer's derivation of the Planck Spectrum against arguments
by Theimer himself and Peterson that his original argument was faulty.
Theimer's argument has the positive feature, compared with alternatives,
that it is simple and its basis is open so that it is easier to see hypothetical
assumptions. (21Kb) prd76.pdf

4. --->**A geometric proof of no-interaction
theorems**, *J.Math Phys.* **17**(5) 693-694 (1974) . Analysis,
extracted from 1., of no-interaction theorems using modern differential
geometry. It presents the first demonstration that a single parameter formulation
of relativistic mechanics can accommodate interaction. (31Kb) jmp74.pdf

3. **Comment on: Derivation of Schroedinger's
Equation from Newtonian Mechanics**, *Phys. Rev. D ***10**(4)
1358-1360 (1974). An argument very similar to that in 1. showing that Nelson's
stochastic process modeling quantum mechanics is covertly deterministic
and therefore does not do what the title suggests. (27Kb) prd74.pdf

2. **On the Imaginable Content of de Broglie
Waves**, *Scientia,* **109** ,111-120 (1974). Virtually a verbatim
extraction from 1. of the model of de Broglie waves. (44Kb) sci74.pdf

1. **Quantizing Action-at-a-distance Mechanics,
***Thesis,
U. of Houston* 1973; (Re-edited Dec. 05), the `mother lode' for publication
topics 1 & 2. 50 book pages. Contains a unique `Rundschau' as of circa
1972 of alternative formulations of QM. (193Kb) uh_th.pdf

The following are my translations of historic
papers of particular significance for my interests for which, to my best
information, there are no (or no complete) English versions. Some
of these papers introduce notions that have become ensconced in physics
folklore as if they were grounded on more solid foundations than these
papers reveal to actually be the case, or, sometimes, visa-versa.

1. **Einstein: "Einstein in English"
**,
A 1250 page collection of my translations to English of 178 physics papers
written by Einstein in three volumes: See : http://stores.lulu.com/kracklau
.

Errata: E-in-E_errata.html

2. **Louis de Broglie (Thesis): On the
theory of Quanta,** *Ann. de Phys.* (1925) (Re-edited Dec. 05) Although
this work won him a Nobel prize, it appears that it was never completely
translated into English. So, here's mine. (340Kb); Hard copy: http://www.lulu.com/content/712243
; e-file: ldb_the.pdf

3. **Julio Palacios Martinez: **Hard
copy of both in one volume: http://www.lulu.com/content/772611
**---Relativity a paradox free alternative
(Relatividad, una nueva teoria)** JPM, on the basis of dimensional
analysis came to the conclusion that asymmetric aging is untenable, so
reformulated SR to exclude it from the start, eventually collecting his
ideas up to 1960 in this book. (743Kb) rel_pal2.pdf,
**---Antirelativistic Dynamics**.
*Rev.
Ace. Cie. (Madrid)* **LIX** 69 (1968); published shortly before
his death in 1970. A criticism of SR and a compendium of JPM's proposed
fixes. (179Kb) pal_ant.pdf

4. **Palacios: Relativity without Asymmetric
Aging**, *Proc. PIRT VIX,* 13 pages. An extraction from Palacios'
book of just those parts pertaining to the `twin paradox.' (105 Kb) pal_pirt.pdf

5. **Karl Schwarzschild, Electrodynamics
I, II & III (1906)**. *Gott. Nach.. ***128**,
126-278 (1903) Apparently the first study to incorporate time-of-flight
delay into action-at-a-distance mechanics. (179Kb) EM_KS.pdf

6. ** Hugo Tetrode, On Universal
Interaction, ***Z. Phys. ***10**, 317 (1922).
Prophetic natural philosophy on the relativistic classical (action-at-a-distance
on the light cone) and quantum electrodynamic interaction; but, short on
"red meat'' for a mathematical physicist. (53 Kb) interaction.pdf

7. **A. D. Fokker:**
**---Relativistic point-particle
mechanics, *** Z.. Phys. ***58**,
356 (1929).
A rediscovery (?) of Tetrode's
direct action mechanics for systems of point particles. Noteworthy is the
lack of skepticism, actual enthusiasm, for "advanced" interaction. This
is the article most often cited, the following two are virtually unknown.
(63Kb) fok_var.pdf
**---Reciprocity in the
Mutual Interaction of Charged Particles, ***
Physica, ***IX**, 33 (1929).
The mother load for the above article with some additional details.
(35Kb) reciprocity.pdf
**---A Theory of Relativistic
Interaction for Two Charged Point-masses, ***
Physica. 145 (1932)*. A follow up and further
development of the the above two articles. (58Kb) deux.pdf

8. **Walter Ritz:**
**---Critique of Maxwell-Lorentz Electrodynamics**,
*Collected
Works (1908). * 13 pages. A short version of his formulation
of an emission theory for electrodynamics, with emphasis on the contrast
with Maxwell field theory. Gives good reasons to prefer direct interaction
over field theories. (Note: Ritz wrote this paper using German syntax and
sentence structure but French words---ugh! Some passages in my translation
need tuning.) (79Kb) TE.pdf
**---Gravity, ***
Rivista di Scienza (1908) *. An essay on
the history of and prospects for a theory of gravity as of 1908, and a
plaidoyer for his own proposal. Interesting and still relevant natural
philosophy. (46Kb) grav.pdf
**---E&M: Blackbody
Radiation, *** Phys. Z. (1908) *.
A
turbid essay on the the cause of the ultraviolet catastrophe, and his argument
that retarded interaction is essential for a solution. (36Kb) blackbody.pdf
**---Relativity&Optics,
***Collected
Works (1908)** *.
A natural
philosophy essay on the differences between an aether and emission theories
on the basis of optical and electrodynamical effects. Argues that in an
emission theory, gravity appears naturally as a residue of electric force.
(33Kb)
optics.pdf

9. ** Werner Heisenberg:**
**---The Multibody Problem and Resonance
in Quantum Mechanics, ***Z. Phys. ***38**,, 411
(1926). Evidently the first paper to introduce "cat states" into QM.
It is particularly significant nowadays since these states are the foundation
for the "irreal" aspect of wave functions and have come to play a very
important role in EPR and Bell analysis. In this paper we see that
they had a perfectly non mysterious, classical meaning in the beginning.
This paper is an important reference for quant-ph/0602080
0602080_3.pdf
(79 Kb) multi.pdf
**---Wave Phenomena and Quantum Mechanics,
***Z.
Phys. ***40**, 501-506 (1927)*.* A natural philosophy essay
on the implications, as he sees it, of the above article; i.e., a back-handed
attack on Schroedinger's continuum wave mechanics, and the inception of
"Copenhagen" dogma. (25Kb) waveqm.pdf
**---The Multibody Problem and Resonance
in Quantum Mechanics-II, ***Z. Phys. ***40**, 551
(1927)*.* Follow-up and application of the principles developed in
the above two papers. (119 Kb) multi2.pdf
**---On the imaginable content of quantum
kinematics and mechanics, ***Z. Phys. ***43**,
172 (1927)*.* The paper in which Heisenberg set out 'uncertainty'
as a fundamental quantum feature. This is a retranslation made to
squeeze out every nuance regarding irreal wave functions and collapse at
measurement. (111 Kb) anschau.pdf

10. ** V. A. Fock, Eigentime in Classical
and Quantum Mechanics, ***Z. f. Phys. der Soviet-union
***12**,
404 (1937)*.* Analysis pertaining to introducing eigentime into
QM wave equations. Does not consider interacting particles, only
a single particle bathed in an external wave. (87 Kb) eigentime.pdf

11. ** W. Slebodzinski, Cartan's
Principle of Dynamics, ***Ann.. Soc. Math. Polonae Series
I Comm. Math. ***XIV**, 1-13 (1970)*.* A compact exposition
of Cartan's Mechanics in classical notation. Noteworthy in that it
emphasizes the independence of Cartan-Hamiltonian structure on space-time
structure; it is essentially an existence proof for relativistic multiparticle
dynamics with interaction. Important background for papers 6 and
16 above (60 kb) cartan.pdf

12. ** E. Schroedinger:**
**---The current situation in quantum
mechanics, *** Die Wissenschaften. ***48**,
807 (1935)*.* The "Cat" paper. This is a retranslation,
as I found myself rereading sentences several times over in the other translation,
and still was unsure what they meant. The problem is that the German
original is itself idiosyncratic. It whipsaws among several styles
of language, repeats, is larded with irony, sarcasm, journalistic focculi,
etc. Nevertheless, it is an excellent "catalog" of issues on the
foundations of QM. It actually 'obsoletes' much written *after
*it.
However, nearly half of it, including virtually all of the obscure parts,
is devoted to describing 'conditional probabilities.' A reader knowing
what they are (from math, where it takes 2 paragraphs) can read it with
ease. (120 kb) cat.pdf
**---On remarkable characteristics of
quantized electron orbits, *** Z. f. Phys..
***42**,
13-23 (1922)*.* Interesting early geometric considerations
largely overtaken by subsequent developments. Besides historical
interest, it may contain ideas better not lost to history. (64 kb) ebahn.pdf

13. ** E. Madelung , Secular oscillations
within singlet/triplet states, ***From: Math. Handbook
for Physicists* (Dover, 1942) p. 298*.* A calculation not
found in textbooks which may have deep significance for the interpretation
of singlet/triplet irreal states. (19 kb) secular.pdf

14. ** A. Einstein, On a heuristic
viewpoint of the creation and modification of light, ***Ann.
d. Phys. ***47**, 133 (1905)*.
*A retranslation
of the "photon paper." It is just too important to be as difficult
to get in English as it was. (61 kb) photon.pdf

15. ** V. Varicak, Relativity
in three dimensional Lobachevsky space., ***(Zaklada
Tiskare Norodnih, Zagrb, 1924).* A translation of a mostly complete
survey of Varicak's application of non Euclidean geometry to Relativity
Theory; arguably the most complete treatment of this topic ever written.
Hard copy: http://ww.lulu.com/content/774095

The following is not an historical paper,
but a contemporary piece with which I mostly agree, and wish to help promote
in Anglophone circles.

**Smulsky, J. J., Manifesto: Return
to Reality,**, *http://www.smul1.newmail.ru/Russian1/Miscellena/Manifest.htm. *
3 pages. A pithy analysis of 20-th century mystical physics dogma. (19Kb)
manifest.pdf

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